Shradh / Pitra Paksh
On the land of Lord Brahma the special rituals ofShradh / Pitra Paksha are performed in remembrance of ancestor by their families. As per hindu calendar the Krishna paksha of Ashvini month is known as shradhh and, each day is dedicated as Tithi (date) of an ancestor on the tithi he/she had passed away.
As per Padma Purana Pushkar is most significant place for performing the rituals of Shraadh for the departed souls to stay in peace and be happy. Lord Rama and Pandwa came here at Pushkar to perform here Shradha ritual for their ancestor.
According to Bhagwat Geeta
"acchedyo 'yam adahyo 'yam
akledyo 'sosya eva cha
nityah sarva-gatah sthanur
achalo 'yam sanatanah" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Two verse 24)
"Sri Krishna said: This individual soul is unbreakable and insoluble and can be neither burned nor dried. He is everlasting; present everywhere, unchangeable, immovable and eternally the same."
As the soul is ever lasting, Hence It became very significant to perform Shraddh during Pitru Paksha for the departed souls to rest in peace. Shradh rituals can be performed by the family member of deceased person especially by son or grandson, few additional steps has to be flowed if the rituals are performed by other person. It is very special event performed on the Bank of Pushkar Lake involves certain steps.
- Sankalpa - Commitment before performing ritual describing all details.
- Pind Daan - (Pind - round balls of flour created with special mantra for rituals) is done for for the salvation of the soul of their ancestors.
- Tarpan or sprinkling of water is performed, along with repetitions of mantras and texts from the Veda.
- Under the guidance of priest a person who is performing rituals has to repeat the mantras after the priest, two more brahmins are invited to the house during the ritual. Devotee make Donation of food, clothes after this ritual.